Domestic Violence

Clear legal basis needed to combat violence against women

“Domestic Violence” means the occurrence of one or more of the following acts, inflicted upon a person protected under the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (“PDVA”), by an adult or an emancipated minor:

(1) Homicide

(2) Assault

(3) Terroristic threats

(4) Kidnapping

(5) Criminal restraint

(6) False imprisonment

(7) Sexual assault

(8) Criminal sexual contact

(9) Lewdness

(10) Criminal mischief

(11) Burglary

(12) Criminal trespass

(13) Harassment

In order to obtain a Final Restraining Order (FRO) under the PDVA, the victim must demonstrate, by a preponderance of the evidence, that: (1) a predicate act occurred and (2) the FRO is necessary to protect the victim from an immediate danger or to prevent further abuse.


To discuss your specific situation, please call me, Paul G. Kostro, Esq., to schedule an appointment: 908-232-6500 or

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